Area between the chest and the hips that contains the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen.
A blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body.
A highly specialized tissue composed of many different kinds of components produced in bone marrow. Four of the most important ones are red cells, white cells, platelets, and plasma.
Complex sets of circuits that allows detection and evaluation of the relevance of myriad physical energies in the environment to plan and execute appropriate reactions.
Triangle-shaped, hollow organ located in the lower abdomen. It is held in place by ligaments that are attached to other organs and the pelvic bones. The bladder's walls relax and expand to store urine, and contract and flatten to empty urine through the urethra.
Living tissue that makes up the body's skeleton. Bone provides shape and support for the body, as well as protection for some organs. Bone also serves as a storage site for minerals and for the development and storage of blood cells.
Tiny blood vessels between the arteries and veins that distribute oxygen-rich blood to the body.
The ear is the organ of hearing. It is part of the peripheral nervous system, and consists of the external (or outer ear), middle ear, ossicles and the inner ear.
Over time, it becomes more difficult for the surrounding muscles in the eye to change the shape of the lens while accommodating (focusing) due to this increased lens rigidity.
A progressive eye condition characterized by abnormally high intra-ocular pressure that can ultimately result in optic nerve damage. General list of high-risk factors are such as: Family history of glaucoma, Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease, Congenital orbital disease and structural malformation, History of ocular surgery or injury, Medications*
An eye condition in which the shape of the cornea bulges and becomes conical (cone-shaped), resulting in thinning and eventual scarring of the central cornea.
Muscular, four chambered pump and is a drainage system for blood vessels.
Chemical substances created by the body that controls numerous body functions.
Overactive thyroid is a disease which often presents with nervousness, palpitations, heat intolerance and weight loss.
Underactive thyroid is due to an insufficient amount of thyroid hormone. Patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, the most common cause of an underactive thyroid, experience fatigue, weight gain difficulty concentrating and depression.
Guards blood volume, filter the blood and forms urine, regulate water, electrolyte and acid base balance. Also produces some small hormones and participate in the metabolism of others.
Part of the intestine that goes from the cecum to the rectum.
The largest organ in the body; performs important functions such as making bile, changing food into energy, and cleaning alcohol and poisons from the blood. Some common liver disease symptoms include the following: jaundice, cholestasis, liver enlargement, portal hypertension, ascites, liver encephalopathy, liver failure.
The main function of the lungs is to rapidly exchange gas accomplished by a well-coordinated interaction of the lungs with the central nervous system, the diaphragm and chest wall musculature, and the circulatory system.
Transforms chemical energy into mechanical energy and support the movements of the body.
The nerve system consists of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves.
The nose is the organ of smell and is part of the peripheral nervous system. The external part of the nose lies above the roof of the mouth. The nose consists of: external meatus, external nostrils, septum, nasal passages, sinuses.
Flexible tissue (integument) enclosing the body. The skin operates a complex organ of numerous structures serving vital protective and metabolic functions.
Serves as a lightweight frame and lever system for blood vessels.
A column in the body consisting of 33 vertebrae in the 7 cervical neck), 12 thoracic (upper back), 5 lumbar (lower back), 5 sacral* (sacrum - located within the pelvis), 4 coccygeal* (coccyx - located within the pelvis)
The throat is a ring-like muscular tube that acts as the passageway for air, food, and liquid. The throat also helps in forming speech.
Anchored around the front of the throat near the voice box. It helps govern the rate of the body's metabolism (its total life processes).